North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is the 28th largest and ninth most populous of the 50 United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west. Earliest Evidence of Human Occupation in North Carolina Dates Back 10,000 Years, Found at Hardaway Site.
North Carolina was inhabited by Algonquian, Iroquois, and Siouana-speaking Native American tribes from Carolina before the arrival of Europeans. North Carolina was established as a royal colony in 1729 and was one of the Thirteen Colonies. North Carolina is named after King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, Carolus in Latin for Charles. In 1755, colonial North Carolina received its first postmaster, James Davis, appointed by Benjamin Franklin.
The Halifax Resolve Resolution, adopted by North Carolina on April 12, 1776, was the first formal call for independence from Britain among the American colonies during the American Revolution. North Carolina Colony Foundation When was the North Carolina Colony founded? The North Carolina colony was founded in 1653 by settlers from Virginia. The port city of Wilmington, North Carolina, was the last Confederate port to fall into the hands of the Union, in February 1865, after the Union won the nearby Second Battle of Fort Fisher, its main downstream defense. North Carolina is also famous for its tradition of early music, and many recordings were made in the early 20th century by popular song collector Bascom Lamar Lunsford.
The name of the colony of North CarolinaCarolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as Charles. The flag of the state of North Carolina contains two dates that establish it as the first state to declare independence. English, Welsh, Scottish and German settlers in western North Carolina tended to favor American independence from Great Britain. In 1691, the landlords divided Carolina into North Carolina and South Carolina, separating the governments and economies of the two sections.
The Fayetteville Observer, established in 1816, is the oldest newspaper still published in North Carolina. In 1729, North Carolina was taken over by the king, the turmoil subsided and, for the next few decades, settlers enjoyed relative peace and stability. At the Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, in April 1865, the 75th North Carolina Regiment, a cavalry unit, fired the last shots of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the Civil War. National forests include the Uwharrie National Forest in central North Carolina, the Croatan National Forest in eastern North Carolina, the Pisgah National Forest in the western mountains, and the Nantahala National Forest in the southwestern part of the state.
North Carolina also played an important role in the Revolutionary War by constantly harassing the British military and keeping it occupied in the South. Confederate troops from all parts of North Carolina served in virtually every major battle of the Northern Virginia Army, the Confederacy's most famous army. Today, North Carolina's economy has been dominated by the research sector, in fields such as biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and banking. North Carolina militias were a big part of their contributions to the war effort, helping through the use of guerrilla warfare.
Following General Daniel Morgan's victory over British cavalry commander Banastre Tarleton at the Battle of Cowpens on January 17, 1781, Southern Commander Nathanael Greene led British Lord Charles Cornwallis through the heart of North Carolina, and away from the latter's supply base in Charleston, South Carolina. .