Official Foundation The province of Carolina, including those that are now North and South Carolina, was finally officially founded in 1663, when King Charles II recognized the efforts of eight nobles who helped him regain the throne in England by giving them the province of Carolina. North Carolina Colony Foundation When was the North Carolina Colony founded? The North Carolina colony was founded in 1653 by settlers from Virginia. The earliest evidence of human occupation in North Carolina dates back 10,000 years, found at the Hardaway site. North Carolina was inhabited by Algonquian, Iroquois and Siouana-speaking Native American tribes from Carolina before the arrival of Europeans.
North Carolina was established as a royal colony in 1729 and was one of the Thirteen Colonies. North Carolina is named after King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, Carolus in Latin for Charles. In 1755, colonial North Carolina received its first postmaster, James Davis, appointed by Benjamin Franklin. The Halifax Resolve Resolution, adopted by North Carolina on April 12, 1776, was the first formal call for independence from Britain among the American colonies during the American Revolution.
During Reconstruction, many African-American leaders emerged from free people before the war, men who had escaped to the North and decided to return, and educated migrants from the North who wanted to help in the post-war years. The Fayetteville Observer, established in 1816, is the oldest newspaper still published in North Carolina. That year, North Carolina's 2nd congressional district elected George Henry White, an educated African-American lawyer, as its third black representative to Congress since the Civil War. Several ships are named after the state, the most famous USS North Carolina in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II.
English, Welsh, Scottish and German settlers in western North Carolina tended to favor American independence from Great Britain. The mountainous region of northern Piedmont and western North Carolina was colonized mainly by Scottish, Irish, English and German Protestants, the so-called cohee. Now that the king's officials appointed provincial governors, the North Carolina government became more stable and effective after 1729.The Great Depression in the 1930s would hit North Carolina's economy hard, yet New Deal projects would help the state recover. Approximately 10,000 North Carolina whites and 5,000 North Carolina blacks joined Union Army units.
North Carolina also played a key role in the War of Independence, harassing British forces and securing military victories with the Continental Army and guerrilla units. They placed their interests above those of the non-slave farmers of North Carolina. North Carolina uses the First in Flight slogan on state license plates to commemorate this achievement, along with a new alternative design that bears the First in Freedom slogan in reference to the Mecklenburg Declaration and Halifax Resolves. The purpose, domain, and function of religion in present-day North Carolina have changed significantly since its creation as a colony.
The science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) industries in the area surrounding North Carolina's capital have grown 17.9 percent since 2001.